Do You Know These Rules For Student Jobs In Germany?
According to a recent social survey by the Deutsches Studentenwerk, almost 63% of university students prefer to work part time. A part of the cost of education is funded by the students themselves. Students earn €323 and receive approximately €476 from their parents every month.
If student loans and parents contributions are not sufficient, many students prefer to find part-time jobs and other options to fund study and stay in Germany. “You can find many internships.” says Martin who studies Math at Free University of Berlin. The internship helped him land a full time job after his Masters.
Students either work as a mini Jobbers or as working students. Depending on the type of work you do different rules apply. From the working hours to the income limit, here are some rules you should know before you start working while studying in Germany.
There are a variety of jobs available for students. Students can begin their job search at the university itself. Almost every university has a Schwarzes Brett i.e. a bulletin board where students can find jobs, accommodation options, get bicycles and vehicles on rent, search courses, look for concert tickets and much more. Apart from the Schwarzes Brett, students can look for jobs with the help of internet. The federal Employment Agency offers a database containing student jobs and services.
MiniJobber vs. Working student
Students working part time have no restrictions on income. For those pursuing mini-jobs the income is restricted at €450 a month.
Students who are employed part time need not pay the full social security contribution. However, the rules may vary according to the type of institution you work, the duration of job, the place where you stay, etc. so it is always a good idea to get all your doubts cleared once you start working in Germany.
The Student Unions at German Universities also offer temporary jobs to students. The jobs may be at a factory or a student club. It has been seen that 39% of students have temporary jobs, 29% work as assistants to professors or research scholars and 12% work as tutors.
Students are allowed to work a maximum of 20 hours a week during semesters. During semester break these rules do not apply and exceptions may be made even on weekends and late night work.
Income limits for student loan applicants
the students who have taken student loans funded by state, there might be restrictions on the income that can be earned every month. The limit is set at €406 per month. In case this rule is not followed strict actions would be taken and the funding might also be reduced proportionally. It is important that the total income in a twelve-month period does not exceed €4880.
The working students are also entitled to the same wage rates as other people, i.e. €8.50. there might be some exceptions for underage students and for certain placements. Along with the right the duties also come hand in hand. Students have to pay taxes as per the rules laid down by the government. There are no special provisions made for working students. However an income up to €8472 is tax exempt.