You need to take various entrance exams when you decide to study abroad. A very important entrance exam that every student has to take is the TOEFL. TOEFL is an English language testing exam that is accept by over 9000 universities and institutes worldwide. The Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL) is designed in such a way that it measures the English language proficiency of non-native English speakers. It tests whether the person understand and can comprehend anything in English. Most of the courses in Germany are taught in German. However, the popularity of English taught courses in Germany has increased a lot in the past few years. More than 250,000 international students are studying in Germany today. Language exams like TOEFL and IELTS prove helpful for students who wish to study in Germany for any English taught courses. TOEFL contains four sections, namely, reading, listening, writing and speaking. The duration of the exam is about four hours during which the students have to perform various tasks related to the above mentioned skills.
TOEFL can be taken in two forms – paper based and computer based. Paper based TOEFL is available at very few locations, especially those where computers are not available for conducting the test. Most of the other places conduct the computer based TOEFL called the iBT.
The TOEFL iBT test is administered via the Internet, and has the following pattern:
The reading sections comprise of 3 to 4 passages from various academic texts. You have to read the text and answer the questions that follow. In all there are about 36 to 56 questions that you have finish within 60 to 80 minutes. As the passages would be of varying difficulty level you’ll have to read the passages in detail before you start answering the questions. This section tests your comprehension skills in the English language. It helps them give an idea how well you’ll be able to follow written text during your studies.
The listening sections of language tests are specially designed to test the students’ ability to understand what is being said. It helps the examiners to determine whether the students would be able to understand the university lectures. The clips that are played for the test include lectures, conversations, classroom discussions, interviews, etc. You are supposed to listen carefully to what is being said in the audio clip and then answer 34 to 51 questions based on them. The time allotted for this section is 60 to 90 minutes. The audio clips are in various accents. You’ll be hearing accents from Australia, America, New Zealand, United Kingdom, etc.
A 10 minute break is given to students after the completion of the first two sections of the test.
The speaking section is for 20 minutes and comprises of six tasks. The various sections test your responses to various situations. You may be given a topic on which you have to express your opinion, give suggestions, or rectify a problem. Some questions may also be asked based on the reading and listening sections that you have attempted earlier. The first two tasks may have accented speech, in which you have to listen to a short audio clip and respond to what is being said or asked. Your responses are recorded and are sent to certified examiners, who later score you on the basis of your answers to various tasks.
The last part of the test is the writing part. 50 minutes are allotted for this part and it is divided into two sections. It can be in the form of an essay, where you’ll have to write an essay on a given topic or give an opinion on a given situation. A text and an audio clip are provided on the basis of which you have to write an essay giving responses (either negative or positive). You have to answer with relevant examples and support your opinion in fluent language.